Damnum sine injuria
Damnum is meant to damage in the sense of substantial loss of money, comfort service health, etc.
Meaning loss without injury or harm. This is not actionable in the eyes of the law.
By action of A injury has caused to B but no legal rights are violated in such case no action will lie
Gloucester v. Grammar school 1441
In this case, the defendant had set up a rival school to that of the plaintiff by which the plaintiff had to reduce their tuition fee of school and due to such action, the plaintiff had to suffer a huge loss. It was held that the plaintiff has no cause of action
Injuria sine damnum
Meaning infringement of a private right that means legal rights without damage or loss
Here he may bring up the action and may recover the loss
This maxim is reverse to damnum sine injuria
Ashby v. white
Plaintiff was a qualified voter in the parliamentary election but the defendant refused to take his vote no loss was suffered as the candidate to whom he wanted to vote won the election in spite of that Lord chief justice Holt held plaintiff legal right was violated and he is entitled to be compensated.
Tozer v child
In this case, it was held that If the right to vote is refused by an officer in charge without malice motive no action will lie.
Ubi jus ibi remedium
Jus here means legal authority and remedium means the right of action. Whenever there is right there is a legal remedy as there is no wrong without a remedy.
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