India Falls 10 Places To Rank 51 In Democracy Index Global Ranking 2019 | Democracy Index 2020

India slipped 10 places to 51st position in the Democracy Index's global ranking 2019, according to The Economist Intelligence Unit, which cited "erosion of civil liberties" in the country as the primary cause for the downtrend.

The Democracy Index is an annual comprehensive list that compares the political systems of 165 countries and two territories. The democracy score is based on five parameters: electoral process and pluralism, the functioning of government, political participation, political culture, and civil liberties.


The report noted the revocation of Article 370 in August last year, which stripped Jammu and Kashmir of its special status. Ahead of the move, it said, the government “deployed a large number of troops in J&K, imposed various other security measures and placed local leaders under house arrest, including those with pro-India credentials”.

India's overall score fell from 7.23 in 2018 to 6.90 in the Index that provides a snapshot of the current state of democracy worldwide for 165 independent states and two territories.


The index is based on five categories -- electoral process and pluralism; the functioning of government; political participation; political culture; and civil liberties.

Based on their total score, the countries are classified as one of four types of regime: "full democracy" (scores greater than 8); flawed democracy — scores greater than 6 and less than or equal to 8; hybrid regime — scores greater than 4 and less than or equal to 6; authoritarian regime — scores less than or equal to 4.

Countries such as the US, the United Kingdom, Malaysia, Taiwan, Chile, South Africa, Israel, and Botswana ranked higher than India on the index. Indonesia, Hong Kong, Pakistan, and Russia were behind India.

Norway topped the index with an overall score of 9.87, while North Korea was at the bottom with a score of 1.08.



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