Mahatma Gandhi was the greatest Indian produced in the 20th Century. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was his name. He was born on 22nd October 1869 at Porbander inns family of traders of Gujarat. He received both his school and college education in Gujarat and then proceeded to England to study law. As a lawyer, he practiced in Bombay, and his legal acumen led him to proceed to Africa to solve legal problems there. The problems in South Africa mostly pertained to the Indians who resided there. Most of the problems were regarding the oppression of Indians by the British rulers in South Africa.
With a close rapport with the Indian residents in South Africa, Gandhi managed to acquire some sort of leadership of the Indians residents there. It was in Africa only that, he tried a new system of revolting against any sort of aggression. This system was of nonviolence and noncooperation with the rulers. This twin philosophy as a movement proved to be very effective and successful there, and soon the Indians there found life becoming quite changed and comfortable. After years of life in Africa, Gandhi returned to India.
Once back in India, Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress for the single purpose of liberating Indians from the clutches of the British rulers in India. Here again, Gandhi tried to use the same method of satyagraha, and when it was so applied, the rulers did not find any other example of the like, as this method revolt was absolutely unique.
The formula had to be used as Gandhi knew, that, for fighting the British, India was hardly sufficiently equipped. His call to Indians was a simple one just to boycott all that was British, whether it be their goods or their rule. Gandhi led the way by, himself spinning coarse cloth called Khadi for the use of his family and himself. Soon this Khadi became the national dress of the Congress, and the wheel became the symbol of the national flag.
Gandhi began to be referred to as Mahatma Gandhi by the Indians when a realization came to the masses of how much that single man was ready to sacrifice for the nation.
It was his earnest sacrifice which earned him the name of Mahatma. Mahatma Gandhi is also often called the father of the nation. This is because, the nation as we see it in it's the free shape, a free sovereign republic, is the gift of Gandhiji to us Indians. He has left a rich legacy that will never lose its importance in the context of life at any time of the world's existence. His legacy and lesson of non-violence will always be relevant to man.
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