Obesity is not well understood; people often equate diet with weight gain : Dr. Aparna Govil Bhasker.

Bariatric surgeon Aparna Govil Bhasker on how patients can reduce their eating habits after bariatric surgery.

As obesity is a silent killer and a precursor to many diseases such as heart disease, PCOD, joint-related problems, and more, bariatric surgery seems to be on the rise worldwide, says Dr. Aparna Govil Bhasker, a bariatric surgeon. And like any other surgery, bariatric surgery - a form of weight loss surgery - requires a certain amount of diet and lifestyle changes. But that doesn't mean one has to give up one's favorite foods, and that's exactly what an expert has shared in his new book, Bariatric Recipes - A Global Cookbook of India - written with his team and written by nutritionists Mariam Lakdawala and Milon Shah Sancheti.
"Eating and eating is an essential part of any culture, including the purpose of bariatric surgery is not to take away the pleasure from the diet," said Dr. Aparna while sharing how one can find 85 recipes in this book, including those of gram dal and cabbage pancakes, i -ragi tikkis, healthy slides, among others.
"When it happens to dietary surgery, there are several cookbooks ready in western countries that can help patients. To date, no such dietary supplement has been available to Indian patients. Indian cuisine is different and different from its western counterparts. So the recipes in this book will be very helpful in helping patients cope with postoperative needs," he added.
What led to the development of the book concept?

This book is a great source for patients who have experienced bariatric surgery. There is a significant change in diet postoperative and dietary intake involving liquid food for 15 days followed by a balanced diet for another 15 days and a normal solid diet. By our knowledge of over 15 years, we have seen our patients struggle to find interesting food options in all food categories. Therefore, we consider creating an app that makes postpartum care easier and more enjoyable. These recipes are healthy and can be tried by anyone, even those who have not had surgery.
There is a general mistake that a person cannot enjoy a meal after bariatric surgery. Surgery motivates patients to a healthy diet and lifestyle. Food is an important part of our culture, and the purpose of this book was to guide healthy eating and not take away the pleasure from food. It is probable to appreciate cooking and eating even after surgery for bariatric weight loss surgery.
On what basis are the recipes chosen for this book?
Nutritionists provided all recipes from around the world. Recipes are divided into three types - liquid, solid and solid recipes. They were selected based on their composition for healthy eating. Focus on high protein and low fat and calories with each recipe provided.
Obesity is called a 'silent killer'; can you explain.
Obesity is wrongly considered to be self-inflicted, and often, obesity is considered a crime. It still does not produce the same level of empathy as other diseases such as heart disease or cancer. Obesity affects the body badly - from head to toe. Characters that are overweight life at higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, lung and liver disease, joint problems, PCOD, infertility, gout, etc. Obesity leads to poor quality of life and is associated with many mental health problems, too. There is a huge gap when it comes to a deeper understanding of obesity. People no longer regard it as a disease which is why they often seek the same treatment. As with any other disease, early treatment is the key to success, and delayed treatment is the refusal of treatment, leading to more serious side effects.

What is bariatric surgery about?
Bariatric surgery is currently the only effective weight loss treatment for overweight people. It also leads to significant improvements in all obesity-related diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, PCOD, joint problems, and liver disease.
Just the word "surgery" is enough to instill fear in people. However, surgery in the 21st century is far more advanced and safer. Bariatric surgery is now performed laparoscopically, which involves small cuts of 4 to 5 inches smaller. Laparoscopy is one of the best surgical procedures and leads to minor pain and previous recovery. Most patients are discharged within 48 hours of surgery and return to work within a week. Bariatric surgery is as secure as any other surgery. The number of bariatric surgical complications is smaller than other major surgery.
What role does one's diet play in controlling lifestyle disorders such as obesity?
Obesity has many facets. An unhealthy diet is one of the main causes of weight gain in people who are prone to obesity. Of the 12 or more factors known to cause obesity, only a few can be altered by us. We cannot change genes. However, diet, exercise, stress management, and sleep hygiene are in our hands to some degree. Therefore, a healthy diet and lifestyle are important treatment strategies when it comes to obesity management.
How important is it to lose weight under expert guidance?
Obesity requires early treatment. But please do not be distracted by all the information online and reach out to the appropriate weight loss specialists. Professional guidance is required for effective treatment.

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