Lord Ripon: Father of Local Self Government in India


Lord Ripon was known as the father of local self-government in India as he introduced local self-governance in the year 1882. This governance is another form of the Panchayat Raj system where local people elect their leader our government who work for them in their locality. When lord Ripon became the viceroy there was the conflict between the Indians and Britishers. But they were not ready to free them because they feel Indians were not able to manage the nation.


So, he passed the resolution so that Indians would be able to manage their administrative system. Powers were delegated to local people of a particular area and they used to select their candidate for the administration of their local areas whether rural or urban area but the object behind local self-government is to train Indians effectively for managing administrative systems. So, this resolution deals with administrative area powers and functions of local self Government and its finance.


Local boards were established for the functioning of local self-government full-stop these local bodies were at urban and rural levels the composition of local bodies - there must not be more than one-third of official members in the board and it includes non-official members whose tenure was two years after the election for an appointment. The retired non officers can again take part in this system. Local self-government institution was for the Chandan when the Royal Commission on decentralization was appointed in 1907 under the guidance of CEH Hobhouse. But it was started at the village level, not the district level. The Panchayati Raj system was prevailing in India from the ancient period but this Resolution was the landmark in the evolution of local self-government in India.





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