Smaller Classes can Bring Better Academic Skills in Pupils

Researchers have found that smaller class sizes affect the better performance of the students and harm their achievements. Schools in many places with lower incomes are below their standard. Even in India, the schools of the slum are not much developed and students face many issues there. Spyros Konstantopoulos, a study researcher from Michigan University in US stated that "This finding is perhaps since class size effects are more likely to be detected in countries with limited school resources where teacher quality is lower on average".


Many people argue that the size of the class does not affect the performance of the student but researchers still work on this topic as they believe understanding the connection between the student achievements and the size of the classroom may be important to determine the future education. In 2011, the Brookings confirmed this study. It found out that the 32% reduction in class size increased student achievement. The National Education Association (NEA) published a result on the long term effect of small classrooms on the students.


Some of the long-term results of those students who were in the smaller classes include Higher student achievement levels in grade of various subjects like mathematics, social, science, etc. More participating in learning § Most of the students were graduated from high schools with better grade According to the study published in the journal Research Papers in Education, many factors like academic subjects, years, and different cognitive and non-cognitive skills, and many other factors affect the performance of the students.  Smaller class sizes in schools are generally desirable by parents. It is believed with smaller class size, teachers can easily move around and have control over the class and give more attention to each pupil. In many countries, the maximum size of a class is often limited to 30 pupils. 


Research on Students The effect of smaller class sizes can vary between countries. The researchers decided to analyze data produced by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). TIMSS has monitored the performance and achievement of fourth grade and eighth-grade pupils from around 50 countries in mathematics and science for every four years. It records the academic ability, self-reported attitude and interest in various subjects. The researchers limited the data to grade pupils in four European countries - Hungary, Lithuania, Romania and Slovenia - collected in 2003, 2007 and 2011. This made the analysis simpler. They chose these four countries because they all mandate maximum class sizes, which was more reliable to make statistical analysis. The data still had 4,277 pupils from 231 classes in 151 schools, making it much larger.  The analysis revealed that smaller class sizes showed great benefits in Romania and Lithuania, but not in Hungary and Slovenia. In Romania, the benefits were better.


The smaller classes were associated with greater academic achievement in mathematics, physics, chemistry and other subjects. They also had greater enjoyment of learning mathematics. However, in Lithuania, smaller class sizes were mainly associated with improvements in non-cognitive skills. They had greater enjoyment in learning biology and chemistry. They did not have any kind of higher academic achievement in these subjects.  The researchers think smaller class sizes may have had greater beneficial effects on pupils in Romania and Lithuania but not in Hungary and Slovenia. This is because the schools in Romania and Lithuania have fewer resources. The Benefits of Small Class Sizes Small class always has better effects on both students and teachers. 

Some benefits of a small class size include the following: 


1. Better Relationship between the student and teacher For a student, individual attention can make a great difference. Students with few disabilities find it easier to interact with teachers in a smaller classroom. In smaller classes, students can form a stronger relationship with theirs.   “I think schools in many ways have put the cart before the horse. What they’ve done is they want to jump right into academics and dismiss or minimize the importance of relationships.” Tyrone Howard, a professor of education who writes about research said it. Those relationships matter to students and teachers and can lead to better outcomes for both..


2. Classrooms Can Become More Collaborative In large classes, students tend to interact only with people they know but in smaller classes, students will engage with each other.  


3. Topics Cam Be Explored In-Depth Small class sizes let teachers reduce time spent on discipline and organization, with fewer students in the classroom; teachers can explore topics in-depth and expand on. According to the National Council of Teachers of English, “In smaller classes, students spend less time off-task or disengaged from the work of the class.”

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