Scorpene Class Submarine Vela Launched

Indian Navy’s fourth stealth Scorpene-class submarine Vela of Project 75 was launched on Monday at the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in Mumbai, Maharashtra.


The Scorpène-class submarines are a class of diesel-electric attack submarines. It is jointly developed by the French Direction des Constructions Navales (DCN) and the Spanish company Navantia. Now Naval Group also develops it.


The Scorpène-class submarine features diesel propulsion and an additional air-independent propulsion (AIP). INS Vela was first commissioned on August 31, 1973 in the Indian Naval service and continued to serve for 37 years. It was the oldest submarine of the country when it was decommissioned on June 25, 2010, Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders said in a statement.


The two other submarines in the country`s Scorpene Submarine programme are Vagir and Vagsheer and they are currently in the advanced stages of manufacturing at MDL.


In 2005, French firm DCNS had signed a contract with MDL under Indian Navy`s Project-75 for the supply of six submarines. The first submarine INS Kalvari was commissioned in December last year while INS Khanderi and INS Karanj are in the advanced stages to join the fleet of Indian Navy.


Experts maintain that at least 24 submarines are required by Indian Navy to meet the 30 year submarine building plan, which was approved in 1999 by then Cabinet Committee on Security. It is to be noted that the plan was approved after Kargil war.


The Scorpene submarines are capable of undertaking different types of missions, including anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying and area surveillance. These submarines are capable of operating in all theatres and they are equipped to ensure interoperability with other components of Navy. 

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